The ancient camel question is: One hump or two? Arabian camels, also known as dromedaries, have only one hump, but they employ it to great effect. The hump stores up to 80 pounds of fat, which a camel can break down into water and energy when sustenance is not available. These humps give camels their legendary ability to travel up to desert miles without water. In winter, even desert plants may hold enough moisture to allow a camel to live without water for several weeks.
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The Bactrian camel Camelus bactrianus , also known as the Mongolian camel or domestic Bactrian camel , is a large even-toed ungulate native to the steppes of Central Asia. It has two humps on its back, in contrast to the single-humped dromedary camel. Domesticated Bactrian camels have served as pack animals in inner Asia since ancient times. With its tolerance for cold, drought, and high altitudes, it enabled the travel of caravans on the Silk Road. The Bactrian camel shares the genus Camelus with the dromedary C.
A camel is an even-toed ungulate in the genus Camelus that bears distinctive fatty deposits known as "humps" on its back. Camels have long been domesticated and, as livestock , they provide food milk and meat and textiles fiber and felt from hair. Camels are working animals especially suited to their desert habitat and are a vital means of transport for passengers and cargo.
Bactrian camels have two humps and are acclimated to the cold temperatures of Mongolia's Gobi Desert in contrast to their one-humped relative, the Dromedary camel native to the hot Sahara Desert. Rocky desert mountains, dunes and stony plains of Central Asia. Large groups may congregate near rivers or at the base of a mountain in search of water.