Babies born with congenital torticollis have limited mobility in their necks, causing their heads to tilt to one side. But with treatment — stretching and strengthening exercises, for instance — most infants with congenital torticollis regain full head and neck mobility within months. An estimated one in every to babies is born with or develops congenital torticollis within their first three months of life. A baby with torticollis has a misaligned neck, which in turn causes her head to tip to one side and her chin to point in the opposite direction.
Infant Torticollis (for Parents) - Nemours Kidshealth
Torticollis is a common associated condition with plagiocephaly. As many as 9 out of 10 infants diagnosed with torticollis may also have plagiocephaly. Torticollis is derived from two Latin terms, tortus, meaning twisted, and collum, meaning neck. Simply stated, it describes an abnormal neck posture. The condition is caused when the Sternocleidomastoid Muscle SCM is abnormally tight and it pulls the skull from where it attaches behind the ear as shown in the image.
Try out PMC Labs and tell us what you think. Learn More. Torticollis can arise from nonocular usually musculoskeletal and ocular conditions. Some facial asymmetries are correlated with a history of early onset ocular torticollis supported by the presence of torticollis on reviewing childhood photographs. When present in an adult, this type of facial asymmetry with an origin of ocular torticollis should help to confirm the chronicity of the defect and prevent unnecessary neurologic evaluation in patients with an uncertain history.
Unlike many health conditions that develop silently inside the body, torticollis is easy to see from the outside. In general, torticollis is classified as either congenital present at birth or acquired occurring later in infancy or childhood. By far the most common type is congenital muscular torticollis. Although children have this when they are born, parents may not notice it until children are several weeks old, as they start to gain more control of their head movement.