Resources and videos. Semen analysis is when freshly ejaculated semen is tested in a laboratory, and the number, shape and movement of sperm are measured under a microscope. This analysis is an important part of diagnosing male infertility. The quality of your semen can change between samples. When a couple is being medically assessed for infertility , testing of the male partner will usually include a semen analysis. Sperm concentration also known as sperm count, meaning the number of sperm per millilitre of semen.
Semen Analysis: How It's Done and Understanding Results
We include products we think are useful for our readers. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. A semen analysis measures three major factors of sperm health:. According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry AACC , the tests should be conducted at least seven days apart and over the course of two to three months. Sperm counts can vary on a daily basis.
What to Expect During a Semen Analysis and What the Results Mean
Many men describe the experience as awkward and even a little embarrassing. If you have severe male infertility resulting in few or no sperm, you may require a surgical procedure such as microsurgical epididymal sperm aspiration MESA or testicular sperm aspiration TESA. Most doctors recommend you ejaculate directly into a provided sample cup and not use a condom.
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