W e do not see the torture inflicted on one girl for trying to flee her captors, but we see the tears of her fellow slaves forced to watch. We see the iron bar tossed on to the cellar floor when the punishment is over, and we know what has happened. The Whistleblower spares you little. It is a film about that most depraved of crimes: trafficking women for enslaved sex, rape and even murder. As a dramatised portrayal of reality, however, The Whistleblower is "a day at the beach compared to what happened in real life", says its director, Larysa Kondracki. We couldn't possibly include the three-week desensitisation period, when they burn the girls in particular places.
Has the UN learned lessons of Bosnian sex slavery revealed in Rachel Weisz film?
Wartime Sexual Violence in Bosnia: The Human Trafficking Connection | Balkan Insight
Thousands of young women are still being held as sex slaves across the country despite the authorities' efforts to stamp out the trade. The Moldovan woman is only 20, but she looks far older. That's how it was with me. Elena, not her real name, she shows no emotion as she speaks - as if she has already accepted her fate. Girls were sold for prices ranging from around to 1, euro - the amount treated by their new pimps as a debt they then had to repay through forced, or willing, prostitution. The hours were long.
Sex slave: 'Every day we were raped'
Rape during the Bosnian War was a policy of mass systemic violence targeted against women. The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia ICTY declared that "systematic rape" and "sexual enslavement" in time of war was a crime against humanity , second only to the war crime of genocide. Although the ICTY did not treat the mass rapes as genocide, many have concluded from the organized, and systematic nature of the mass rapes of the female Bosniak Bosnian Muslim population, that these rapes were a part of a larger campaign of genocide,    and that the VRS were carrying out a policy of genocidal rape against the Bosnian Muslim ethnic group. The trial of VRS member Dragoljub Kunarac was the first time in any national or international jurisprudence that a person was convicted of using rape as a weapon of war.
Trafficking in human beings is a widespread contemporary phenomenon, and its most prevalent form is trafficking for sexual exploitation - popularly known as sex trafficking - with women constituting most of the victims. But the sexual enslavement of women and girls in the s Bosnian war, although it has all the elements of trafficking, has never been discussed in the same context. The research examined cases of sexual enslavement in the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the context of human trafficking for the purpose of sexual exploitation, since these two phenomena have many common characteristics.